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  • #8944
    yiminyi
    管理员

    我们在国内的时候,对于英语的拼写是没有什么具体的要求的,写英式英语或者美式英语都可以。但如果申请加拿大大学,或者在加拿大读书的时候,就要特别注意,一定要使用加拿大英语的拼写方式,如果使用美式拼写,那就算错误了,在提交给教授的论文中尤其注意,否则就会扣分。

    加拿大英语拼写绝大多数使用的是英式拼写,现在汇总给大家。

    Spelling – Canadian ‘our’ words

    The following is a list of commonly used words that take the Canadian “our” spelling:
    • armour
    • behaviour
    • colour
    • demeanour
    • endeavour
    • favour, favourite, favourable
    • flavour
    • harbour
    • honour, honourable, honoured, but honorary
    • humour but humorous
    • labour but laborious
    • neighbour
    • odour but odorous
    • rigour but rigorous
    • rumour
    • saviour
    • valour but valorous
    • vapour but vaporous
    • vigour but vigorous

    but:
    • tremor
    • squalor

    The double ‘L’
    The Canadian spelling for words that use a double ‘L’ is below:
    • compel, compelled, compelling
    • counsel, counsellor, counselling
    • enrol, enrolled, enrolment
    • fuel, fuelled
    • fulfill, fulfilled, fulfilment, fulfilling
    • install, installment, installation, installing
    • marvel, marvelled, marvelous
    • signal, signalled, signalling
    • total, totalled
    • travel, travelled, traveller, travelling

    Other Canadian spellings
    • analyze (not analyse)
    • centre, centred, centring
    • cheque (as a method of payment)
    • defence
    • grey (colour)
    • organize (not organise)
    • practice (noun or adjective), practise (verb)
    • program
    • theatre

    Common confusions
    • accept/except
    • To accept means to receive or approve; except means “excluding” or “but” (I’d apply for the job, except I’m too lazy.).
    • admittance/admission
    • Use admittance when referring to the physical – “No admittance.” Admission refers to entry based upon the presentation of documentation or money (George was granted admission to Queen’s.).
    • adverse/averse
    • Adverse means “harmful” or “against one’s interest”; averse means “strongly disinclined.”
    • advise/advice
    • Advise is the verb; advice is the noun. License/licence and practise/practice follow the same rule.
    • affect/effect
    • Affect is a verb and effect is a noun. To affect means to change or influence; effect is a result.
    • all right/alright
    • All right should be used to mean “all correct” or “okay.” Alright is not universally accepted and should be avoided.
    • a lot
    • A lot is always written as two words (There are a lot of courses to choose from.).
    • complement/compliment
    • Complement refers to something that completes the whole or goes well with something; compliment means praise or flattery.
    • every day/everyday
    • Every day is a phrase in which every modifies the noun day (I go for a walk every day.); everyday is an adjective used to describe activities that occur every day or are ordinary or commonplace (Walking the dog is an everyday occurrence.).
    • farther/further
    • Farther refers to physical distance; further refers to figurative distance.
    • fewer/less
    • Use fewer to refer to a diminished number (I eat fewer fatty foods nowadays.); less is used for a diminished amount (I eat less fat nowadays.).
    • immigrate/emigrate
    • People emigrate from a country and immigrate to a country.
    • its/it’s
    • its is possessive (the cat chased its tail); it’s is a contraction of “it is.”
    • more than/over
    • Both more than and over are acceptable but more than is preferred in Queen’s documents.
    • principal/principle
    • Principal means head or leading figure (Queen’s Principal Daniel Woolf), and it means first, most important (Pruning is the principal method of caring for raspberry bushes.); principle means a basic truth, law or moral guideline.
    • stationary/stationery
    • Stationary means stopped, not moving; stationery refers to writing materials.
    • that/which
    • Use which (surrounded by commas) if a group of words adds information (The books, which have black covers, are new.). Use that if it limits the set of things you’re talking about (The books that have black covers are new.).
    • they’re/there/their
    • They’re is the contraction of “they are”; there is the opposite of here; their is a possessive.
    • who’s/whose
    • Who’s is a contraction of “who is”; whose is a relative pronoun indicating possession (Whose turn is it to wash the dishes?).

    #8945
    yiminyi
    管理员

    有二个小技巧分享给大家,能尽可能的避免,或者在写作的时候起到一个辅助的作用:

    1:在WORD中,吧“英语(加拿大)”设置成默认的状态;
    2:在使用Grammarly这个软件的时候,吧“加拿大英语”设置成默认的状态。

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